Targeting eukaryotic protein translation in mesothelioma
The default mechanism for protein translation in eukaryotes involves activation of the eIF4 complex at the 5’ end of mRNA. This activity is upregulated in cancers, resulting in the expression of a variety of proteins necessary for the development and maintenance of the neoplastic state. Not surprisingly, mesothelioma demonstrates this same reliance on activation of 5' cap mediated translation. Efforts are ongoing to target and exploit our knowledge of this key molecular switch for cancer therapy. Agents targeting the critical eIF4E cap binding protein, disruption of the eIF4 complex, and exploitation for oncolytic virotherapy are some of the important areas of current research in mesothelioma protein translational research.