Article Abstract

Quantitative features of dual-energy spectral computed tomography for solid lung adenocarcinoma with EGFR and KRAS mutations, and ALK rearrangement: a preliminary study

Authors: Meng Li, Li Zhang, Wei Tang, Pei-Qing Ma, Li-Na Zhou, Yu-Jing Jin, Lin-Lin Qi, Ning Wu

Abstract

Background: The present work aimed to evaluate radio-genomic associations of quantitative parameters obtained by dual-energy spectral computed tomography (DESCT) for solid lung adenocarcinoma with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) mutations, as well as anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) rearrangement.
Methods: Ninety-six cases of solid lung cancer were selected and assessed for EGFR and KRAS mutations, and ALK rearrangement. Then, they underwent chest DESCT, and quantitative parameters, including water concentration (WC), iodine concentration (IC), CT value at 70 keV, effective atomic number (Effective-Z) and spectral Hounsfield unit curve slope (λHU slope) were measured. Finally, the associations of quantitative radiological features with various gene alterations were evaluated.
Results: The positive rates were 51.0% (49/96) for EGFR, 13.5% (13/96) for KRAS and 16.7% (16/96) for ALK. In univariate analysis, EGFR mutation was associated with smoking status, CT value at 70 keV, IC, Effective-Z, and λHU slope; KRAS mutation was associated with CT value at 70 keV, IC, Effective-Z, and λHU slope, and ALK rearrangement was correlated with age and WC. In multivariate analysis, smoking status (OR =2.924, P=0.019) and CT value at 70 keV (OR =1.036, P=0.006) were significantly associated with EGFR mutation; Effective-Z and age were significantly associated with KRAS mutation (OR =0.047, P=0.032) and ALK rearrangement (OR =0.933, P=0.008), respectively.
Conclusions: Quantitative analysis of DESCT could help detect solid lung adenocarcinoma harboring EGFR or KRAS mutation, or ALK rearrangement.