Prognostic roles of the expression of sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism enzymes in non-small cell lung cancer

Yingqin Wang, Yaxing Shen, Xia Sun, Tinah L. Hong, Long Shuang Huang, Ming Zhong


Background: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), a bioactive lipid, is generally increased in human non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Evidence has shown that the levels of enzymes in S1P metabolism were associated with clinical outcomes in patients with NSCLC. Nevertheless, the roles of mRNA expression of major enzymes (SPHK1, SPHK2 and SGPL1) in S1P metabolism for predicting outcomes in NSCLC patients have not been determined.
Methods: “The Kaplan-Meier plotter” (the KM plotter) is an online database which contains gene expression and clinical data of 1,928 NSCLC patients. In this study, we analyzed the relationship between mRNA expression of major enzymes in S1P metabolism and overall survival (OS) in 1,926 NSCLC patients with the KM plotter. Further analyses stratified by smoking history, non-metastasis patents, clinical stages, negative surgical margin, chemotherapy and radiotherapy were also performed.
Results: High SPHK1 mRNA expression [hazard ratio (HR) 1.47, 95% confident interval (CI): 1.28–1.68, P=2.6e-08] was significantly correlated to worse OS, but high SPHK2 (0.66, 95% CI: 0.59–0.75, P=1.9e-10) or SGPL1 (HR 0.64, 95% CI: 0.55–0.75, P=8.7e-09) mRNA expression was in favor of better OS in NSCLC patients.
Conclusions: The mRNA expression of SPHK1, SPHK2, and SGPL1 is potential predictor of outcomes in NSCLC patients.