Circ-ZKSCAN1 regulates FAM83A expression and inactivates MAPK signaling by targeting miR-330-5p to promote non-small cell lung cancer progression

Yuanyong Wang, Rongjian Xu, Dongyang Zhang, Tong Lu, Wanpeng Yu, Yang Wo, Ao Liu, Tianyi Sui, Jian Cui, Yi Qin, Yanting Dong, Xiaoliang Leng, Dezhi Kong, Wenxing Du, Zhangfeng Huang, Wenhao Su, Tianxiang Yuan, Xiao Sun, Jianxun Wang, Wenjie Jiao


Background: Circular RNAs (circRNAs) belong to a new type of endogenous non-coding RNA and plays a key role in carcinogenesis. Circ-ZKSCAN1 (hsa_circ_0001727) has been proven to be a tumor-dependent circRNA. However, its role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been underreported.
Methods: The expression patterns of circ-ZKSCAN1 were determined using qRT-PCR in NSCLC samples and cell lines. Cell proliferation was examined utilizing the CCK-8 assay. Cell migration and invasion were evaluated using the Transwell assay. The combination of circ-ZKSCAN1 and miR-330-5p in NSCLC cells was analyzed by RNA pull-down and luciferase reporter assay. We used the bioinformatics software circbank, CircInteractome, TargetScan and Miranda to predict circRNA-miRNA and miRNA- mRNA interactions.
Results: Our results showed that circ-ZKSCAN1 was significantly up-regulated in NSCLC, closely related to malignant characteristics and poor prognosis, and clinically related to tumor size and clinical stage. Subsequent experiments showed that circ-ZKSCAN1 could inhibit the growth of NSCLC cells in vitro and in vivo. Importantly, circ-ZKSCAN1 can act as a sponge of carcinogenic miR-330-5p to increase the expression of FAM83A, resulting in the inhibition of MAPK signal transduction pathway, thus promoting the progress of NSCLC. Interestingly, the increase in FAM83A expression caused by circ-ZKSCAN1 overexpression could in turn promote the expression of circ-ZKSCAN1.
Conclusions: Circ-ZKSCAN1 is a key positive regulator of NSCLC, and clarifies the potential molecular mechanism of the new circ-ZKSCAN1/miR-330-5p/FAM83A feedback loop in promoting the progress of NSCLC.