Clinical guidelines on perioperative management strategies for enhanced recovery after lung surgery

Shugeng Gao, Serena Barello, Liang Chen, Chun Chen, Guowei Che, Kaican Cai, Roberto Crisci, Antonio D’Andrilli, Andrea Droghetti, Xiangning Fu, Paolo Albino Ferrari, Hiran C. Fernando, Di Ge, Guendalina Graffigna, Yunchao Huang, Jian Hu, Wenjie Jiao, Gening Jiang, Xiaofei Li, Hui Li, Shanqing Li, Lunxu Liu, Haitao Ma, Dongchun Ma, Guillermo Martinez, Giulio Maurizi, Kevin Phan, Kun Qiao, Majed Refai, Erino A. Rendina, Guoguang Shao, Jianfei Shen, Hui Tian, Luca Voltolini, Jacopo Vannucci, Camilla Vanni, Qingchen Wu, Shidong Xu, Fenglei Yu, Song Zhao, Peng Zhang, Lanjun Zhang, Xiuyi Zhi, Chengchu Zhu, Calvin Ng, Alan D. L. Sihoe, Anthony M. H. Ho

Abstract

The concept of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) was first developed in Denmark in 1997 by Dr. Kehlet (1). ERAS is designed to optimize perioperative management, improve patient prognosis, reduce complications, shorten hospital stay, and lower cost (2-5). In recent years, this multi-disciplinary and multi-modal perioperative rehabilitation concept has been widely applied in open and endoscopic procedures including colorectal surgery (6,7), gynecological surgery (8,9), liver surgery (10,11), breast surgery (12,13), urologic surgery (14,15), and spinal surgery (16-18).