Molecular studies of lung neuroendocrine neoplasms uncover new concepts and entities

Lynnette Fernandez-Cuesta, Matthieu Foll


Lung neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) account for up to 25% of all lung cancers and can be subdivided into poorly differentiated, high-grade neuroendocrine carcinomas (NECs) including small cell lung carcinoma (SCLC, 20%) and large-cell neuroendocrine carcinomas (LCNEC, 3%), and well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumours (NETs, 2%) including the low- and intermediate-grade typical and atypical carcinoids, respectively (1).