Are three doses of SABR (stereotactic ablative radiotherapy) more effective than 30 doses of conventional radiotherapy?
In early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) definitive radiation therapy is an appropriate alternative to surgery. Recent studies show, that in such patients hypofractionation schedules (for example 3 times 18 Gy or 5 times 12 Gy), can be safely applied, without causing severe toxicities and achieving high local control rates of up to 90% and more. In the last couple of years a lot of knowledge about the cancer biology, technical aspects, clinical outcomes and toxicities has been accumulated from different clinical trials. The purpose of this review is to summarize recent outcomes and developments in stereotactic radiation therapy for patients with early stage NSCLC.